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Jan 17 – St Antony of Egypt (1) 251-356 AD

17 January, 2012

Antony lived at first in total solitude but later allowed a monastic community to be formed around him. He was famous for his insights into the spiritual life.

Summary of St Anthony. Abbot. Born in 251 in upper Egypt; died in 356. At an early age he gave away his possessions and sought the austere life and solitude in the desert. Yet he remained involved in the theological controversies of his day, defending the divinity of Christ. He attracted disciples who formed communities of hermits. The account of his life by Saint Athanasius (2 May) was extremely influential in the development and spread of monasticism. Honoured as the father of western monasticism.

Abba Antonius (Ἀββᾶς Ἀντώνιος), and Father of All Monks, The Life of Antony, (Abba Antonius (Ἀββᾶς Ἀντώνιος), and Father of All Monks), was written by St Athanasius shortly after his death. It influenced the conversion of St Augustine and St Martin of Tours and became a classic of monasticism in the Middle Ages. Antony lived at first in total solitude but later allowed a monastic community to be formed around him. Patrick Duffy tells his story.

Early life
Antony was born in Upper Egypt in 251 to wealthy Christian parents, who died when he was about eighteen. Hearing in church the saying of Jesus in Mt 19:21: “If you wish to be perfect, then sell what you have and give it to the poor and come follow me”, he did just that. He first made provision for the care of his younger sister with a community of nuns and then himself became a disciple to a local hermit. Gardening and the weaving of palm mats became his way of life and his discipline.

anthony's DemonsThe desert – his demons
For Antony the real desert was his own personality, where facing his interior demons and overcoming them was victory. According to Athanasius, the devil afflicted Antony with boredom, laziness, and sexual images; these he overcame by discipline and prayer.  When the devil saw Antony’s intense ascetic life and devotion, he was envious and beat him mercilessly, leaving him unconscious. Antony’s friends from the local village came and found him in this condition, carried him to a church where he recovered.

Total solitude
Later Antony went further out to a deserted fort at Pispir so he could be in total solitude. Here the devil resumed his warfare against him, this time in the form of wild animals who seemed as if they would destroy him. But when he emerged after twenty years (286-306), and people expected him to have wasted away, or gone insane, to their amazement he was healthy, serene, and had a bright light in his eye.

Anto 3A community nearby
Despite seeking solitude, Antony understood that discernment and relationship with others in charity were central in the spiritual life. He did not himself create a monastery, but a community grew up nearby him based on his example. Disciples sought him out for “words of wisdom” and those who wished to follow him needed the company of others to survive the harsh conditions.

Visits to Alexandria
During the persecution of Christians by the Emperor Maximin (311), Antony went to Alexandria openly wearing his identifying white tunic to encourage other Christians, but he was not put to death. On another occasion he went to Alexandria to encourage Athanasius in his struggle against the Arians. On this occasion Athanasius gave him his own cloak as a gift.

Emperor Constantine
It is said that the Emperor Constantine wrote to him seeking his prayers. Antony, seeing the surprise of those around him, said: “Do not wonder that the emperor writes to us, a man even as I am; rather be astounded that God should have written to us, and that he spoke to us by his Son.”

Entrance to St Antony's Cave where St Antony spent forty years in solitude.

Entrance to St Antony’s Cave where St Antony spent forty years in solitude.

Visit to Paul the Hermit
Antony knew he was not the first nor the only hermit in the desert. Jerome tells us that shortly before the death of the first hermit Paul (345), Antony went to visit him. A raven miraculously appeared to supply a loaf for their meal and they engaged in playful conversation. Antony asked Paul to take him as his companion. Paul urged him rather to go and bring the cloak that Bishop Athanasius had given him. Antony went out to fetch the cloak coming back as soon as he could, fearing Paul might die while he was out. This indeed is what happened. To help bury Paul, two lions appeared and scooped out a grave with their paws. Antony removed the tunic of leaves Paul had sewn for himself as his garment and buried the holy man in the cloak of Athanasius he had brought. Each Easter and Pentecost ever after he always wore Paul’s tunic.

Sayings of St Anthont

Sayings of St Anthont

Some of the sayings and a story of Antony
Here are some of the sayings and a story of St Antony:

  • This is the great work of a man: always to take the blame for his own sins before God and to expect temptation to his last breath.
  • Whoever has not experienced temptation cannot enter into the Kingdom of Heaven. Without temptations no-one can be saved.
  • Do not trust in your own righteousness do not worry about the past, but control your tongue and your stomach.
  • I saw the snares that the enemy spreads out over the world and I said groaning, “What can get through from such snares?” Then I heard a voice saying to me, “Humility.”
  • A hunter in the desert saw Abba Anthony enjoying himself with the brethren and he was shocked. Wanting to show him that it was necessary sometimes to meet the needs of the brethren, the old man said to him, ‘Put an arrow in your bow and shoot it.’ So he did. The old man then said, ‘Shoot another,’ and he did so. Then the old man said, ‘Shoot yet again and the hunter replied ‘If I bend my bow so much I will break it.’ Then the old man said to him, ‘It is the same with the work of God. If we stretch the brethren beyond measure they will soon break. Sometimes it is necessary to come down to meet their needs.’ When he heard these words the hunter was pierced by compunction and, greatly edified by the old man, he went away. As for the brethren, they went home strengthened.