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Mass Readings

Catholic Ireland

Liturgical Readings for : Thursday, 29th September, 2022
Léachtaí Gaeilge
Next Sunday's Readings

09-29- Ss Michael, Gabriel and Raphael, Archangels

FIRST READING   

A reading from the book of Daniel    7:9-10. 13-14
Theme: A thousand thousand waited on him.

As I watched:
‘Thrones were set in place and one of great age took his seat.
His robe was white as snow, the hair of his head as pure as wool.
His throne was a blaze of flames, its wheels were a burning fire.
A stream of fire poured out, issuing from his presence.

A thousand thousand waited on him, ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him.
A court was held and the books were opened.
‘The great things the horn was saying were still ringing in my ears,
and as I watched, the beast was killed, and its body destroyed and committed to the flames.
The other beasts were deprived of their power, but received a lease of life for a season and a time.
I gazed into the visions of the night.throne-of-god1

And I saw, coming on the clouds of heaven,
one like a son of man.
He came to the one of great age and was led into his presence.
On him was conferred sovereignty, glory and kingship,
and men of all peoples, nations and languages became his servants.
His sovereignty is an eternal sovereignty
which shall never pass away, nor will his empire ever be destroyed.

The Word of the Lord.             Thanks be to God.
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ALTERNATIVE FIRST READING

A reading from the book of of the Apocalypse   12:7-12
Theme: Michael with his angels attacked he dragon.

Now war broke out in heaven, when Michael with his angels attacked he dragon. The dragon fought back with his angels, but they were defeated and driven out of heaven. The great dragon, the primeval serpent, known as the devil or Satan, who had deceived all the world, was hurled down to the earth and his angels were hurled down with him. Then I heard a voice shout from Heaven,
Victory and power and empire for ever have been won by our God, and all authority for his Christ, now that the persecutor, who accused our brothers day and night, before our God, has been put down. They have triumphed over him by the blood of the Lamb and by the witness of their martyrdom, because in the face of death they would cling to life.
Let the heavens rejoice and all who live there.’

The Word of the Lord.                  Thanks be to God.
_________________

Responsorial Psalm                  Ps 137
Response                                     In the presence of the angels I will bless you, O Lord.

1. I thank you, Lord, with all my heart,
you have heard the words of my mouth,
in the presence of the angels I will bless you.
I will adore before your holy temple.        Response 

2. I thank you for your faithfulness and love
which excel all we ever knew of you.
On the day I called, you answered;
you increased the strength of my soul.      Response

3. All the earth’s kings shall thank you
when they hear the words of your mouth.
They shall sing of the Lord’s ways:
‘How great is the glory of the Lord!’           Response

Gospel Acclamation                    Ps 102: 21
Alleluia, Alleluia!
Give thanks to the Lord, all his hosts, his servants who do his will.
Alleluia

GOSPEL   

The Lord be with you.          And with your spirit
A reading from the holy Gospel according to 
John 1:47-51
Theme: You will see above the Son of Man, the angels of God ascending and descending.

angelsascendingdescendingWhen Jesus saw Nathanael coming he said of him,
There is an Israelite who deserves the name, incapable of deceit.
How do you know me? said Nathanael
Before Philip came to call you,said Jesus I saw you under the fig tree.’
Nathanael answered,Rabbi, you are the Son of God, you are the King of Israel.

Jesus replied,
You believe that just because I said: I saw you under the fig tree.
You will see greater things than that.
And then he added
‘I tell you most solemnly, you will see heaven laid open and, above the Son of Man, the angels of God ascending and descending.’

The Gospel of the Lord.           Praise to you, Lord Jesus Christ.


Gospel Reflection     Saints Michael, Gabriel and Raphael, archangels    John 1:47-51

There are many angels in the Bible but only three of them are named. Michael is portrayed as the defender and protector of believers from Satan and evil. Gabriel brought the good news of the forthcoming birth of John the Baptist and Jesus. Raphael was instrumental in healing the blindness of Tobit in the Book of Tobit. They were all God’s messengers, revealing God’s presence in different ways. They point ahead to God’s greatest messenger, who is Jesus. In today’s gospel reading, Jesus speaks of himself to Nathanael as the one on whom the angels of God are ascending and descending. The background to his image of ascending and descending angels is a dream that Jacob had in the Book of Genesis. In his dream he saw a ladder connecting heaven and earth with angels ascending and descending on it. When he woke up he concluded that the place where he had been sleeping must be the gate of heaven, the house of God, and he proceeded to build an altar there. He called the place Bethel, which in Hebrew means ‘House of God’.

In speaking the way he does, Jesus claims to be that gate of heaven, that house of God. He is the supreme connection between heaven and earth. In Jesus heaven comes to earth in a way that is not true of any angel. Jesus reveals God’s presence to us as fully as any messenger from God could. When we look upon Jesus, we are looking upon the face of God. That is why there is always more to see in Jesus. As Jesus says to Nathanael, ‘you will see greater things’. We can never exhaust the fullness of God that is to be found in Jesus. In our relationship with Jesus, there are always ‘greater things’ to see. Our relationship with the Lord is always an adventure that continues to open up new horizons, new vistas on God and on God’s relationship with us.

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The Scripture Readings are taken from The Jerusalem Bible, 1966/7/8 published 1966/7/8 by Darton, Longman and Todd Ltd and used with the permission of the publishers.  http://dltbooks.com/
The Gospel Reflection is available with our thanks from Reflections on the Weekday Readings 2021-2022: My Words Will Not Pass Away by Martin Hogan and published by Messenger Publications  c/f www.messenger.ie/bookstore

 

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Feast of Saints Michael, Gabriel and Raphael, archangels 

Summary of Ss  Michael, Gabriel and Raphael, Archangels. The cult of Michael, Gabriel and Raphael began in the East. In the West, this day first marked the dedication of a fifth century church of Saint Michael in Rome. This festival of Michaelmas came to be very popular and widely celebrated in medieval Europe. Raphael and Gabriel were added to the Roman calendar in the twentieth century, and the three are now celebrated together. They are all mentioned in the Scriptures each is named as a messenger of God, entrusted with special divine missions on earth.

archangels1Angel’ is a Greek word for “messenger”. We frequently read of angels in Scripture, but only three are named – Michael, Gabriel and Raphael. They are servants and messengers of God sent to perform a mission.

“Angel is the name of their office and not of their nature”, says St Augustine in todays Office of Readings.

Patrick Duffy tries to give some background to this feast.

A truth of faith
T
he existence of the spiritual, non-corporeal beings that Scripture calls “angels” is a truth of faith. The Catechism of the Catholic Church 330 gives this guiding statement, based on the Encyclical Humani generis of Pope Pius XII: “As purely spiritual creatures angels have intelligence and will: they are personal and immortal creatures, surpassing in perfection all visible creatures, as the splendour of their glory bears witness.” (More helpful, however, is the statement of St Augustine, repeated by Pope St Gregory the Great: “Angel is the name of their office, not of their nature.”)

Scripture
Angels in general frequently appear in Scripture, but only three are named – Michael, Gabriel and Raphael. They are traditionally called “archangels”.

gabriel1Gabriel (strength of God)
G
abriel brings the news of the birth of John the Baptist to Zachariah and Elizabeth (Lk 1:11-20) and news of the birth of Jesus to Mary (Lk 1: 26-38). Under the Arabic name Jibril, Muslims believe Gabriel was also the angel who revealed the Koran to the prophet Muhammad. Renaissance artists, such as Fra Angelico, El Greco and Leonardo da Vinci, have given dramatic representations of Gabriel in their Annunciations.  Gabriel is the patron of post office and telecommunications workers.

michael1Michael  “Who is like God?”

Michael is the powerful prince of the heavenly host assigned to battle with the devil and casts him down (Daniel 10:13 and 12:1; Rev 12:7-9). Pagan shrines to the Norse warrior soverign god Wotan, when Christianised, became dedicated to St Michael.

Holy high places – like Skellig Mhíchil off the Co Kerry coast, Mont San Michel in Normandy and St Michael’s Mountain near Penzance in Cornwall – have also taken him as their patron.

Sometimes also, he is the patron of cemeteries. In a dramatic sculpture outside Coventry cathedral, he is depicted in conflict with Lucifer, the fallen angel.

Raphael as referred to in the Book of Tobit and ...

Raphael as referred to in the Book of Tobit and …

Raphael (“God heals”)
Raphael wiped away the blindness of Tobit and led Tobias to a happy marriage (Tobit Ch 6). Sometimes he is identified with the angel who moved the waters of the healing pool in Jerusalem (Jn 5:1-4). Raphael hasn’t made the same impression in art or in Catholic geography as the other two, but he is the patron of medical workers and guilds of healing.

 

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A  prayer to Saint Michael the Archangel
(The following was among prayers recited at the end of Mass in the pre-Vatican II liturgy:)

Blessed Michael the Archangel, defend us in the day of battle.
Be our safeguard against the wickedness and snares of the devil.
May God restrain him, we humbly pray;
and do thou, O prince of the heavenly host, by the power of God,
thrust down to hell Satan
and all the wicked spirits who wander through the world
for the ruin of souls. Amen.