By Sarah Mac Donald - 25 November, 2015
Critics have warned that the case poses a threat to freedom of the press.
On Tuesday, the scandal branded ‘Vatileaks 2’ saw the trial commence against five people alleged to have been involved in the leaking and publication of documents on alleged financial mismanagement and clerical overspending in the Vatican.
Investigative journalists Gianluigi Nuzzi and Emiliano Fittipaldi are on trial for allegedly using leaked material while Mgr Lucio Angel Vallejo Balda, his former assistant Nicola Maio and PR expert Francesca Immacolata Chaouqui are charged with leaking the material.
On Tuesday, Gianluigi Nuzzi told media covering the Vatican trial that freedom of information and of the press are worth defending.
“We are not martyrs, we’re just reporters but some principles must be defended,” he said.
The author of the newly published book, ‘Merchants in the Temple’ added, “You can criticise, appreciate, or blame but there is another level, which is safeguarding freedom of information.”
However, Vatican prosecutor, Roberto Zannotti, has argued that the charges are not an attempt to curb press freedom but relate to “illicit behaviour” by journalists and their sources.
Mgr Vallejo Balda and Chaouqui were both members of the now-defunct COSEA commission set up to advise Pope Francis on reform of the Holy See’s economic-administrative structure.
Emiliano Fittipaldi’s book ‘Avarice’ has alleged that officials in the Vatican’s Secretariat for the Economy spent hundreds of thousands of euros on business class flights, clothes made to measure, and expensive furniture.
Fittipaldi has highlighted that the freedom of the press is protected by the European Convention on Human Rights and the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, which the Vatican has signed up to.
Both Fittipaldi and Nuzzi have indicated that they believe that even if they are found guilty by the Vatican tribunal, the Italian government will not approve an extradition request, since Italy protects the freedom of the press.