By Sarah Mac Donald - 04 April, 2018
The Church of Ireland Primate of Ireland has said that living out a life of faith in a post Stephen Hawking era is not easy but people of faith cannot “pretend that science does not exist”.
In his Easter homily at Christ Church Cathedral, Archbishop Michael Jackson of Dublin and Glendalough said that physicist Stephen Hawking had done more in our day than any other single individual to show us all that science is not going away.
He noted that Professor Hawking had held that given the laws of physics, nature drags itself into existence and there is no need for a creator.
In expounding this argument, Hawking effectively seemed to hold that religious people think of the universe as being like a model railway track and God as setting the train going, the Archbishop commented.
However, from a theological point of view, creation out of nothing is not about setting procedures and processes in motion; it is to assert that God is at work at all moments and it is to concentrate on relation as pivotal to a theological understanding of the universe, Dr Jackson stated.
“God is not someone we, as theological beings, would expect to find at some temporal edge,” he told his congregation.
“To engage actively with Hawking’s removal of a temporal edge does away with an initial moment when God might be confused as one more cause in a chain of causes, for those of us who believe in God.”
Stressing that he was not asking supporters of Stephen Hawking to agree with him; the Archbishop said nor was he suggesting an easy eliding of what he teaches and what Christian faith teaches. “That would be to do him an injustice when he has no right of reply.”
“What I am saying is that for a person of faith, the cosmology of Hawking asks more not less of us as people of faith in relation to three fundamental questions coming directly out of Easter: Who is my neighbour? What is my community? Who will call my name?” he said.
According to the Church of Ireland Primate, Hawking challenges us to set aside the rhetoric of denial that is such a feature of The Passion through which we have just travelled and “which still ricochets so noisily through Irish life today”.
He said the courage of Stephen Hawking to shed light in dark holes and to journey fearlessly into and through knowledge was an inspiration of the human spirit.
“People of faith cannot escape, nor should we want to escape, the expansion of perspective on the cosmos that he has given us. It is for us to grapple with his wisdom and to set it alongside the verse from Scripture where our exploration of humanity began not so long ago on Christmas Day: ‘In the beginning was The Word …’ (St John 1.1)”
“The resolution of these on Easter Day is not his problem, it is ours.”
Elsewhere in his Easter homily, Archbishop Jackson addressed the forthcoming twentieth anniversary of the Good Friday Agreement on 10 April.
He said Ireland North and South was “finding that progress was a tiresome friend”.
“Twenty years of The Good Friday/Belfast Agreement have shown us that The Peace is very hard work and always requires encouragement, hope, forbearance and love in order to set its compass and plot its course.”
Love, he suggested, no longer seems to be a public virtue.
“One hundred years of independence bring their own difficulties in terms of the word: progress also. The past is easier to commemorate and its social constructs are easier to seek to tear down than the future is to create.”