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Nov 1 – The Solemnity of All Saints

01 November, 2012

Pope Boniface IV (608-615AD) dedicated the Pantheon in Rome, as a church to St Mary and all the martyrs was the beginnnings of All saint's Day.

Today’s feast, entitled the  ‘Solemnity of All Saints’ or ‘All Saint’s Day’ commemorates all those who are with God in heaven, while tomorrow, ‘All Souls’ Day’, commemorates the faithful departed, those who are still being purified and have not yet reached heaven. Both feasts are influenced by the Celtic winter feast of ‘Samhain’, as reflected in the customs of Hallowe’en.

Patrick Duffy explains the background and significance of the feast of Solemnity of All Saints’ .

Of Eastern origin
All saintsThe Solemnity of All Saints is probably of Eastern origin. In the early centuries Christians celebrated the anniversary of a martyr’s death for Christ at the place of martyrdom. In the early fourth century, following the persecution of Diocletian, martyrs became so many that a separate day could not be assigned to each and the Church assigned a common day for all, celebrated in the East on the first Sunday after Pentecost: there are homilies for this feast by St Ephrem the Syrian (373) and St John Chrysostom (407).

Development in Rome
In the West the Byzantine emperor Phocas (602-610) handed over to Pope Boniface IV (608-615) the Pantheon in Rome, originally built as a temple to all the Roman gods. On 13 May 610, Pope Boniface dedicated it as a church to St Mary and all the martyrs. But the anniversary was fixed for 1st November by Pope Gregory III (731-741) who consecrated a chapel to all the saints in St Peter’s Basilica.

In Ireland and England
The 9th century Irish Martyrology of Aengus (828-833) has a feast for All Saints on 1 November. The feast became known in England and Ireland as All Hallows, from which we get Hallowe’en (the evening before All Hallows). It also took on some of the characteristics of the Celtic feast of Samhain. (c/f  Féile na Samhna: an bhunchiall.)

Who is included?
The scope of the feast includes all those officially recognised as saints, those whose cause for canonisation has not yet been completed, like Matt Talbot, the Irish Martyrs, Cardinal Newman and Pope John XXIII. But it also includes those whose holy lives were known only to their family, friends or religious communities. heavenly courtChapter V of the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium of Vatican II is entitled “The Call to Holiness” and insists that the “(LG 40).all Christians in any state or walk of life are called to the fullness of Christian life and to the perfection of love”